What is Cron job?
A Cron does a benefit that provides jobs to automatically work within this environment of the operation at normal periods by application of the Cron. Crontab exists a record which includes each record from Cron notes to be run and toward whatever circumstances men are to be run. A Cron job is a concept developed and used in Linux shared web hosting and If you want to add similar to this in windows shared hosting, then you have to check for the scheduled task in windows.
The Cron job lets you to with spread a particular command at times set on the job. As an example, Y'all could set a Cron job to erase temporary data each week so that your disc space is un-being applied up with those data. To access the Cron Jobs tool, click on the similar icon placed in the Advanced section on the main screen of your Cpanel interface.
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If you want to get more visitors and customer for your website and for your business then you need to have a dynamic website. So today if you are handling a website and you want it to look dynamic then you can who it by yourself from your cPanel. With the help of Cron jobs, you can have a dynamic website. You can also purchase cpanel hosting from HostingRaja.
A cron is a service which permits the user to automatically execute a script at a specific time. Literally, it contains a series of tasks which the system runs from a script file. Say what you want to set a particular PHP script on your website where it will be automatically executed on your website based on the time that you have set. To execute this PHP script Cron Jobs are used. Cron jobs are scheduled tasks where the system runs at scheduled times or intervals. For example, You can set up a Cron Job to Erase temporary data each and every week so that the Disk Space which is applied for the temporary data can be erased which will reduce your disk usage. And also in some programs like Drupal, you may need to set up a cron job to perform certain functions in it. You can access the Cron Jobs tool by clicking on the similar icon placed under the Advanced section on the main screen of the Cpanel interface.
Each and every user will have their own crontab, and commands in any given crontab will be executed as the user who owns the crontab. In a cron job, the scripts are used to modify files or databases but they can perform other tasks which do not modify data on the server, Such as sending out email notifications.
Some Benefits of using Cron job:
>>Can be used to build periodic scheduling, and very reliable
>> You can control the minute, hour, day, etc, that it has been executed and can have control over it when it runs
>>Cron job does not occupy memory when it is not running. It occupies memory only when it runs
>>you can easily write the code & you can manage its operation and It eliminates the looping and timing logic so you can run crontab to change the timing or can shut it off.
>>When the Cron job fails and exits for a reason. It will start again when the proper time comes
>>it very useful when we are performing repetitive tasks
But apart from the benefit of the Cron job, it has a few disadvantages. Cron job will not check for dependencies or other programs or servers, it also will not signal or start downstream dependencies, its child program must re-started every 120s and also it does not provide tight scheduling constraints(like sub-sec or near real time)
How to use Cron job in Linux/Unix?
To create a Cron job, follow the steps below:
1. Click on the “Cron Jobs” icon inside cPanel, under Advanced. (Check your shared hosting username and password in your welcome email)
2. Make sure the current email address is valid. If not, enter a new email and click the “Update Email” button.
3. Choose the Standard Setting you require. That command automatically converts each separate time frames.
4. Alternatively, you may connect the unique time settings. Minute, Hour, Day, Month and Weekday can be adjusted to obtain your objectives.
5. In the input box to the right of “Command”, type the name of the file type, then add a space and provide the path to the file which you would like the command to run.
6. Click the “Add New Cron Job” button.
You have just built a Cron job to perform a file at a specific time and date with the desired repetition.
To update or to delete a Cron job, comprehend the steps below:
1. Click on the “Cron Jobs” icon inside cPanel.
2. Scroll down to the last part called “Current Cron Jobs”.
3. Find the right Cron job and click both “Edit” or “Delete”, under Actions.
4. Edit and make the correct automatic tools, therefore it may be simpler to copy the Command, remove the Cron job, and recreate this.
What do you set on the Cron job Command?
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Command to run a PHP5 cron job:
Optional flag sometimes required for a PHP cron job:
php -q /home/username/public_html/cron.php
Command to run a PHP4 cron job:
Command to GET a remote file: