Using the host file for testing website
The host's file can be termed as the special file which is on the workstation computer that will be storing the IP and the name information. This is the type of file which is checked before the DNS, hence if you are placing an entry in the file then it will be supersede anything which is set on the DNS. This type of feature is very useful in testing the websites as it will be allowing the user to control the IP the local computer will be visiting regardless of what has been set up in the DNS.
The format of the hosts file is very much simple. Here each line will be having an IP address and a hostname which is being separated by one or more spaces. Hence the host file will typically be containing the entries for “localhost” as well as it will contain some comment text which describes the file and its usage. Hence it would be best if there are no changes done in any of these lines.
Examples have been shown below:
Editing the hosts file for Windows
From the start menu, search for “Notepad” (Win 8,10) or you need to navigate to "All Programs -> Accessories -> Notepad" (Win XP, Vista, 7).
Now you need to right click on the notepad and then select the “Run As Administrator”.
Now in the notepad, you need to click “OPen” and then select the file C:\Windows\System32\Drivers\etc\hosts.
Now you can edit and save the file.
Editing the hosts file for Linux
You need to open a terminal window for Linux
Now edit the file /etc/hosts as root with a text editor. One of the example has been shown below
sudo nano /etc/hosts
Testing the settings
You need to Open a command prompt
Now you need to use the command -c2 example.com
Now the ping result will show the IP address and confirm that it is responding.
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